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Frequently Asked Questions - Symptoms Of Psychiatric Illnesses
FAQs - Symptoms Of Psychiatric Illnesses

Any situation that is perceived to be overwhelming produces stress. The causes of stress vary from person to person. It can affect a person in many ways – psychological, physical, social & occupational. It can precipitate psychological & physical illnesses.



Stress, anxiety & depression can cause disorders that have physical complaints or difficulties. On investigating these disorders, no physical cause is found. These disorders can be effectively managed by a psychiatrist.



Alcohol consumption over a period of time can lead to social, financial & occupational problems.People often continue alcohol for the fear of sleeplessness and tremors on stopping. It is a diagnosable psychiatric problem for which effective treatment is available.

Tobacco in any form is, also, a substance use disorder associated with psychological & physical health issues.



Depression is a common psychiatric disorder characterized by persistent low mood; reduction in confidence, interest & energy levels; negative thoughts about one’s self and her environment; and at times suicidal behaviour. It is found in all social classes and all age groups.

Depression can be effectively treated with antidepressant medication, psychotherapy, and Electroconvulsive therapy.

Counselling can address issues that may be responsible for Depression.



This seems to a psychiatric problem called Mania. The opposite of Depression, Mania is characterised by excessive cheerfulness, excessive activity & reckless behaviours. It can be treated with psychiatric interventions



He will need to be assessed to rule out Schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is characterized by persistent false beliefs (Delusions), hearing voices or seeing images (hallucinations), odd behaviours, and social & occupational deterioration. It is a chronic problem and has to be regularly treated with medicines. This disorder is found in approximately 1 in every 100 persons.



Excessive worrying without a reason is called anxiety. Repetitive anxiety causing thoughts about specific situations or objects which lead to avoidance behaviour are called as phobias. This problem requires a combination of medicines & psychotherapy.



This is a commonly occurring problem called Panic Disorder.These are acute anxiety attacks with all sorts of bodily symptoms. The features mentioned above can easily be confused with a cardiac problem. Like other anxiety disorders mentioned above it requires medication & psychotherapy.



Some amount of forgetting is age related. When it is excessive and associated with impairment in daily routine activities, it is referred to as Dementia. Dementia is often associated with soiling or confused behaviour, aggression, depression or psychosis. Treatment is supportive, and aimed at controlling behaviour, improving mood and slowing the progression of the disorder.



Intelligence need not be impaired in person with epilepsy. When the seizures are well controlled they can lead almost completely normal life. However, they may need to follow certain restrictions so that further seizures do not occur.

Fit- or seizure-like episodes can occur as a reaction to stress. Psychotherapy & Stress management can help in long term relief from such episodes.